Bladder inflammation in men

Although women are more often affected, men can also suffer from cystitis. A bladder infection in men, as in women, is usually caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract and cause an infection of the bladder there. Various influences can promote the development of cystitis; in men, gender-specific factors such as an enlarged prostate can be added.

Cystitis in men and women – what’s the difference??

Men are affected by cystitis significantly less often than women because their urethra is much longer. Bacteria are thus made more difficult to "ascend" and cause an infection of the urinary tract. While the urethra in women ca. is three to four centimeters long, for men it is up to 25 centimeters. In addition, their anus is anatomically farther away from the bladder. This makes it even more difficult for intestinal bacteria – the most frequent triggers of bladder infections – to enter the bladder.

But as men age, their risk of developing cystitis also increases. The reason for this is often an enlarged prostate, which can also promote a urinary tract infection. That is why men from about the age of 60. Men are affected by cystitis almost as often as women when they reach the age of 65.

Causes of bladder infections in men

In both men and women, bacteria are usually the cause of cystitis. Various influences, such as poor hygiene or hypothermia, can further promote the spread of germs.

Especially in men, an enlarged prostate is often the cause of cystitis. In most cases it is a benign growth of the prostate gland, which causes a narrowing of the urethra. This results in the urine not being able to drain properly and the bladder no longer being emptied completely. The residual urine that remains in it provides an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. Pathogens that trigger cystitis in men can cause inflammation of the mucous membranes in this way.


Bladder infections in men are often accompanied by common symptoms such as an increased urge to urinate and pain when urinating.

In addition, the following complaints can occur in the course of cystitis in men:

  • Discharge from the urethra
  • Severe pain in the penis
  • Pain in the region between the testicles and anus

Often, cystitis in men is particularly persistent and also associated with more severe pain. The reason for this is the significantly longer urethra, which in men runs through the entire penis and is affected along its entire length in the event of an infection. The inflamed area causing pain is correspondingly larger.

Treatment of cystitis in men

An uncomplicated cystitis, properly treated, often heals after a few days. In addition to prescription medications, there are several options for treating cystitis.

Since men only rarely get sick with cystitis and the course is then often more serious, a doctor should be consulted if cystitis is suspected. As a rule, antibiotic therapy is necessary, the duration of treatment is also often longer than in women.

There is often a pre-existing anatomical condition or other specific accompanying circumstances, so it is advisable to see a urologist directly. Once acute cystitis has resolved in men, treatment of underlying causes can follow if needed – such as an enlarged prostate gland.

Depending on the severity, it is sufficient to regularly monitor the symptoms and seek medical attention. If the symptoms persist, medication can help. Surgical intervention is also possible in cases of severe restriction and recurrent infections.


To prevent cystitis in men, care should be taken with intimate hygiene: The foreskin and glans should be cleaned daily, especially before and after sexual intercourse. Wearing condoms can provide additional protection.

Is Femannose® N also suitable for men??

Femannose® N is used for prevention and supportive treatment of cystitis and other uncomplicated urinary tract infections. In principle, the product is suitable for men. Bladder infections in men are, however, in most cases complicated infections, so that a doctor should be consulted.

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