Since the end of the world was postponed again until a new stone calendar of some natives was unearthed, I’ll tell you what these mysterious letters in circles mean (for example ℗) whether sometimes without circles (for example IMPT or SM), as well as how they should be used, what to fear and what not to fear.
In fact, all these symbols are intellectual property protection signs. Its use is equivalent to writing on the apartment door "No trespassing". It means it is forbidden for outsiders to enter there (because housing is protected by law), you only inform about it additionally. Three simple rules follow from this:
1) The rights holder has the right to either use the security sign or not – it does not affect their rights in any way (I can’t "trespass") hang on the apartment door, but I can not hang it )
2) If exclusive rights exist, but there is no protection symbol, this does not mean that you can use the work without permission of the copyright owner (if there is no inscription "no trespassing") is present on my place, this does not mean that everyone is invited there)
3) If there are no rights and the protection sign is there, no one can stop you from using that work. (I can’t read the sign "no trespassing") hang on the subway door – it doesn’t mean that nobody has the right to enter there now).
What do these symbols mean and how to use them properly?
Our legislation identifies 5 types of trademarks:
– the best known and most popular is the copyright protection sign or "Copyright". Placed on all copies of works – poetry, movies, books, songs, computer programs. If you have written a poem or story, you can safely put a safety mark at the end, only you have to place it correctly, as sa – just one of the elements of the mark, next to it the name or title of the copyright holder and the year of first publication. That is, if I want to indicate. that this post is mine I have to state at the end like this:"@Teddy Boar, 2012"
℗ – sign of protection of related rights. Placed to indicate rights to phonograms, performances, databases and others. Since a song usually has an author and a phonogram has been created and someone has sung the song, there is often a whole cast of characters . It is used like the author’s: Trademark, name of copyright holder, year of first publication
T "T", [T], as well as T in a circle or T in a square(I didn’t find such a sign in the word, but I was too lazy to draw) – a sign for the protection of the topology of an integrated circuit. If you do not know what TIM is, you can hardly infringe the rights to the topology.
Registered IMA– such a protective sign is found mainly on food products. It stands for simply: designation of origin. If you have seen such a mark on the oil of Vologda, it means, in principle, that the oil is really produced in the Vologda region and not somewhere in the suburbs.
R or R in a circle– Registered trademark. The presence of such a trademark does not mean at all that it cannot be used, but it means that it cannot be used for commercial purposes for the same list of goods and services for which it is registered. Considering that it is mainly companies and entrepreneurs who increasingly remove this term from trademarks to make them look better, the right to a trademark can be violated.
In addition to these signs established in our legislation, there are several others, namely:
TM – trademark– registered trademark (trademark) – this designation is used mainly in the USA. In fact, an analog of R
SM– this term can be found on some Google services – it stands for Service Mark – a service mark. Without going into details, we can say that this is a complete analog of a mark. In principle, we do not distinguish between them, and even the certificates indicate "Trademark (service mark)" from.
Thank you for reading to the end.
In the sense – do not steal, we will sue. On your website you can place under your content only the first one. Everything else requires state registration.
Copyright) That is, something copied =)
COPYRIGHT – literally translated means copyright. In business and legal practice, COPYRIGHT is a symbol (C) placed on a product before the name of the manufacturer or the author’s last name.
What does the letter C in a circle mean – ©?
This is the first letter of the compound English word quot;copyrightquot; – means quot;copyquot; and quot;rightquot;
Here is such a symbol, in other words, the letter c in a circle means nothing else than copyright, i.e. the protection of copyright pranas. By the way, many information pages have this symbol at the very bottom of the page.
Latin letter quot; Cquot; (the first letter of the word quot;copyrighquot;) in a circle is a sign of copyright protection. The symbol indicates the owner of the exclusive copyright for the use of the work he created. The symbol is in front of the name of the copyright owner.
The letter (c) in a circle is a symbol or symbol used to represent copyright. Symbolquot;Squot; means the English word "copyrigh", translated into Russian it means "rights reserved, d.h. Copyright ©. Such a symbol can be found in books and articles, as well as on products, before the name of the manufacturer or the last name of the author.
As a rule, the letter C in the circle means copyright protection, which is protected by law, this symbol can be found in quotes, articles or simply on a product, copyright infringement is punishable in our country and therefore you should be more Be careful when paraphrasing another person’s article or a quote, then the author must be indicated.
It originated from the word quot; copyrightquot;.
For example, if you are on a website quot; squot; in a circle below – this means that the information published on the site is copyrighted, written by the site owners, or made to order, d.h. not copied from other sources.
It is not difficult to create such a sign, just press the Alt key and enter the numbers 0169, and we get -!
This sign comes from the English copyright and has been used for a long time, but many people do not know its meaning. For example, I will now add a reply and put this badge, and this will warn others and remind them that copyright in the Russian Federation is protected by law, which means that you can not just copy this text to someone and pass it off as your own .
According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, the English letter quot;squot; in a circle denotes copyright (not to be confused with quot; copywritingquot;), d. h. the copyright of intellectual property. Usually this is found in articles, books and often in quotations.
If we come across the letter quot;squot; in a circle that appears after some sentences on VKontakte, it means that this is a quote.
What does the letter C in a circle – © mean??
For example, if you enter a "c" on a site in a circle below, it means that the information published on the site is copyrighted, written by the site owners or made to order, d.h. e . not copied from other sources.
It is not difficult to create such a sign, just press the Alt key and type the numbers 0169, and we get – ©!
This is how a quote is displayed. Few people put this symbol after hearsay to show the quote, which is not very true, because the author himself is often not specified. Instead, put this sign after your words, which means the copyright of the text and the prohibition of copying.
This sign comes from the English "copyrigh" and has been used for a long time, but many do not know its meaning. For example, I will now add a reply and put this badge, and this will warn and remind others that copyright is protected by law in the Russian Federation, which means that you cannot simply copy this text to someone and pass it off as your own . ©
As a rule, the letter C in a circle – ©, means copyright protection, which is protected by law, this symbol can be found in quotes, articles or simply on a product, copyright infringement is punishable in our country and therefore you Be more careful when paraphrasing an article or a quote from someone, then the author must be indicated.
The letter (c) in a circle is a symbol or icon that is used to represent the copyright. The symbol "C means the English word "copyrigh, which in Russian means "rights reserved means d.h. Copyright ©. Such a symbol can be found in books and articles as well as on products before the name of the producer or the last name of the author.
This is the first letter of the compound word "copyright" – what "copy" and "right means.
This is a sign, the letter C in a circle, placed on the goods, the exclusive production and distribution rights are held by the person who registers (or patents) this mark
The product, whether a physical object or an electronic product, bearing this mark is protected by copyright law, and any copying, distribution or use of a mark (trademark) for another product is prohibited without the appropriate permission of the copyright owner .
This principle is followed by the entire international trade community, therefore this sign, the letter C in a circle, can be seen on every product in every country of origin.
© – Latin letter "C (the first letter of the word "copyrigh") in a circle – a sign of copyright protection. The symbol indicates the owner’s exclusive copyright for the use of the work he created. The sign is in front of the name of the copyright holder.
According to the legislation of the Russian Federation, the English letter "c" in a circle stands for copyright (not to be confused with "copywriting"), that is, copyright for intellectual property. Usually this can be found in articles, books and often in quotations.
Here is such a symbol as ©, in other words, the letter c in a circle means nothing other than copyright, ie the protection of copyright pranas. By the way, many informational sites have this symbol at the very bottom of the page.
For example, many information pages have such a sign at the bottom. This means that all articles published on it are protected by copyright and their reproduction is allowed only with an active link to the source.
If we put in a circle over the letter "c" speaking, which occurs after a few sentences on VKontakte – ©, it means that this is a quotation.
That is, the user from whom he borrowed these words and did not come up with them himself.
What does the sign "letter C in a circle" mean? – ©
In fact, the symbol is simple, but the meaning and significance is enormous. The fact is that this sign is the real sign of copyright protection. The letter "C in a circle comes from the word "copyrigh. If you look at the translator, the word "copyrigh" means literally translated "copyright from the English.
The use of this sign in Russian typography is supported by a document such as GOST R 7.0.1-2003 regulated. So you can learn more about the AP copyright sign in this guest.
It is worth noting that you, to "C" to create a circle on the keyboard, simply press the ALT key and enter the numbers "0169" enter with the keys on the right.
If you pay attention to the sites you visit, you may see this sign at the bottom of the site. This means that the information published on this Internet resource is protected by copyright and is not copied from other sites, but is either written by the owners or on their behalf.
Copying information is punishable by law!
Small letters in circles ©, ℗ and other TM
2) If there are exclusive rights, but there is no trademark, it does not mean that you can use the work without permission from the copyright holder (if no inscription "no trespass" is present on my apartment, this does not mean that everyone is invited there)
3) If there are no rights and the trademark stands, no one can prevent you from using this work. (I can see the sign "no trespassing") hang on the subway door – it does not mean that now no one has the right to enter there).
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How to set a copyright sign (with a circle)?
Name recognition on the keyboard.
The creation of a website on the subject of infobusiness includes the creation of its own information products. It was difficult to prepare food immediately, but finally there was some knowledge, I began to make such products.
I recently wrote a few books and submitted them to my coach for review. One of the reservations about the written books was the absence of the attribution sign symbol, although in the footer "All rights reserved" was mentioned.
It turns out that it is more correct and professional to do something different, namely the symbol of the sign of authorship instead of the entry "All rights reserved" indicate.
The copyright sign is an English letter "c" in a circle – ©. The image of such a mark with the name of the author and the year of publication is a sign of copyright protection.
When we work with documentation or just "run" on the Internet, we have seen such a quote icon more than once – ©. In fact, this symbol was originally created with the purpose of informing others about copyright protection for any work, but nowadays it is often used to quote someone’s statements, even though this is wrong.
Many have come across it, but not everyone knows how to put it on the keyboard. If you are one of those who are curious about how to create a quote badge, then this article is for you.
Copyright badge: How to recognize it?
Probably each of us knows what this symbol looks like – the Latin letter C (from the word – copyright), which is placed in the center of the circle. Using this mark does not guarantee you any additional rights, it only informs other people that the copyright is yours. Often this symbol is used to quote someone else’s sayings, even though they don’t match.
The copyright sign – the Latin letter C in a circle, together with the name of the copyright holder and the year of publication, is a sign of copyright protection (for example, © dozarabotok.ru, 2011).
On the keyboard, as you know, the copyright symbol is not applied, as with many others. However, in the work of a copywriter, rewriter or other normal person, it will be necessary to type this or any other character quickly and directly from the keyboard without switching (if you do not know who the copywriter or rewriter is, suggest to look into the Writing Articles for Money section of this blog, it will be interesting) .
Therefore, how to put a copyright sign on the keyboard
Entering the © sign is quite simple:
Hold down the Alt key on the numeric keypad, alternately type 0169, release the Alt key and the desired copyright symbol © will appear
Similarly, you can put other characters that I have considered in such a table. In addition, I suggest reading the article How to increase speed.
Free legal advice:
A small window appears with the most frequently used symbols on the computer. If none of them is required, click on "Other".
The easiest way to insert a character is to use the resources of the operating system. Hold down the Alt key while the insertion point is at the desired text position. With the other hand on the additional keyboard, enter the character code in the Unicode table 0169. Then release Alt and the operating system will insert the symbol into the text.
If you are not familiar with the numeric keypad, use the standard operating system program called "Character Map". To do it, open the main menu by pressing the Win key, type "Tab" and press the Enter key. OS search engine will understand you from three letters, find the desired program and launch it.
Find the icon in the application table and double-click it with the mouse – the icon will appear in the "To copy" field. Click on the Copy button, go to the document you are typing and paste the clipboard contents by pressing the Ctrl + V key combination.
When working in a word processor can be used Microsoft Office Word.
What does the letter c in a circle mean?
To insert various characters and symbols into the text, a combination is usually used, and for some frequently used characters there are hotkeys that make it easier to enter them into the text. Here, copy and paste etc. Hold down the Alt key and type the numbers on the right of the numeric keypad 0174 release Get the Alt 0169 This is a copyright sign. You can also attend a training session conducted by the best sales specialist Eugene Vergus. You have disabled this function, you cannot configure the menu Insert Autotext Autotext, the window AutoCorrect is closed, and in nm click on the tab AutoCorrect. Vsevolod Mikhailovich scored 97 goals in 116 matches in the USSR Football Championships. Alt and on the additional numeric keypad we type 0169 Press the combination on the keyboard Alt0169 Only without plus and at the same time. This method allows you to generate letters for languages that are not on your keyboard. Place the correct corner points in the circles.
If you work in Microsoft Word, you can use the path:
From the provided list you need to select the copyright sign and paste it into the appropriate document. By the way, there is also a hint that it can be installed by pressing Alt + 0169.
Some use more.
Many of us have more than once seen a copyright symbol that looks like this – ©, and today we will learn how to create it. The keyboard does not have this symbol, which means you have to look for it elsewhere or copy it from other sources. Installing this symbol is one of the easiest tasks and you will see it for yourself now!
How to use a copyright symbol?
To display the copyright sign, you do not need to download anything and go anywhere, everything is easier than you can imagine. Let’s run the following algorithm:
1. Hold down the Alt key.
3. Release Alt and see the result – a finished sign.
The circled (c) is the symbol to indicate the copyright. This is one of the most popular icons in the world. It originally appeared in the United States, but is also used in Russia. In GOST it is called "Copyright Protection Mark".
In 1802, a legislative document was issued in the United States that required a copyright notice to be included in every work of authorship. If it was a work of art, the notice had to be written on its surface.
Origin of the symbol
In 1909 the © symbol appeared. In the early days, the mark was used to indicate legal authorship and asserted copyrights for a published work. Later, the inclusion of the symbol in the work became optional, as the copyright was granted automatically. However, the symbol is a useful indicator of authorship, and its use indicates that the author acknowledges the work as the product of his or her labor.
To create a copyright notice
1) Latin "c in a circle – ©,
2) Legal name of the copyright holder,
3) The year in which the work was first published.
© Melodiya Publishing House, 2003
Do I have to write a copyright notice?
Sometimes musicians, business owners who are in one way or another associated with publishing, creating artwork or other works of authorship ask the question: should authorship be indicated? It is not necessary to sign the work with your name, but it makes sense from the legal point of view. Since there is no need to register authorship, the poem is written, the picture is drawn, the website is created, the company brochure is ready, the video for Youtube is recorded, they can be marked with a copyright notice.
The fact is that this is how you assert your rights to the work. Plagiarism is unfortunately not uncommon.
You can find the copyright pictogram in forums, websites and on various photos. It is quite widely used, although not many people know its true purpose. Many people still argue about what the symbol with a circle means and use it in different ways. But this pictogram is not a fiction of the authors, it has legislative support and accordingly a single meaning.
Sign with in a circle
You will find such a symbol only on the Internet. There are two interpretations of this symbol:
- The sign is used when it is necessary to highlight a quote, that is, to make it clear that the lines are not from the author;
- The pictogram is needed to inform the reader that this text, on the other hand, is copyrighted and protected by appropriate rights.
The letter C itself is the first letter of the word copyright. Translation means "the right to copy. People who install such a pictogram wherever they recount someone’s already expressed thoughts are not using it quite correctly. To indicate a quote in Russian, quotation marks are placed at the beginning and end of an exact statement and the author’s name is indicated after or by a footnote.
character "C in a circle" is a designation of the uniqueness of the text written by you and the right to dispose of it. It was first identified in 1952 thanks to the Geneva Convention and has been used in our country for a relatively short time, only since 2003.
If you need the symbol itself, you can find it this way:
- Open a Word document;
- Go to the "Insert" tab C;
- Press the "Icon" button;
- Look for the required symbol;
- Click it.
If you do not have to use Word or provide a symbol on the website or forum:
- Hold down the Alt key;
- Type 0169 on the numeric keypad.
Why put the copyright symbol on websites?
So we already understand that the sign "copyright" is a symbol of a child’s right is. Is used to indicate the copyright of texts. Beyond that, however, with such a badge you have the right to dispose of your unique work.
So that the Internet world understands you without any doubt, there are Symbol spelling rule :
- First you set the pictogram yourself;
- Next, enter your last name and initials. All this happens through a room. If the author of the document is a company, its name must be included in the registration and the relevant authorities;
- After the comma, indicate the year of publication or the period during which your creation is valid.
Nikiforov S.V., 2018
Therefore, warn readers that he has no right to copy and use parts of your work, although he may use the idea. A license for a particular product helps protect your copyrights more reliably, but even without one, you can make claims against the person or company that used your work.
So if you’ve written a story or essay that states your point of view and conclusions about a certain situation, you have the right to mark it with a symbol, which will help you prove your authorship in case of a dispute.
Where else is the copyright sign used?
The badge is used almost everywhere, where unique creations are made:
- In cinematography, this sign does not indicate the creator of the work, but the person who has the exclusive right to the work. After signing a contract with the author of the film, such a person can become a producer. In this case, the creator himself loses the right to use it;
This mark is optional, as your right to a created work arises as soon as you transfer it to paper or other tangible form. And the copyright symbol is informative and warns about the consequences of copying and using all or part of the work.
As a result of the emergence and widespread use of the copyright sign, campaigners for the freedom to use and reproduce works of authorship created a pictogram in 2000 that is a reflection of copyright, with the "C" being turned in the opposite direction.
Thus, authors express their point of view that the authorship of works is not so important and has no value. In the struggle for the rights and freedoms of all people, they consider it pointless to forbid the population to use other people’s works for their own purposes and to violate the basic law of human equality.
The founders of the sign were IT specialists, and today copyleft practice is widespread among software developers.
The main condition for copyleft is the requirement that the distribution and modification of software must be done under the same license as a unique product.
How to secure copyright properly?
According to the law the right to a work arises at the moment of its birth and transfer into a tangible form. The release of the masterpiece to the public is optional in this case.
However, in order to avoid lengthy legal disputes, the authors try to document their rights.
There are several ways to do this:
- The work is deposited by submitting the work to a special organization (patent office), where the name of the author and the date of creation of the work are recorded, filed together with a copy of it and the author is issued the corresponding paper ;
- Rospatent is responsible for registering rights to software and databases. In this case the author or a trusted person can apply there. Programs with state secrets are not registered;
- If you have developed a completely new product, Rospatent can also help you register a trademark. For this, many international tests are taken and as a result you are issued a certificate.
Thus, the copyright icon is purely informative, but by its use gives the work a special property status.
Therefore, in order to use the copyright pictogram, you must first know what the symbol with the circle means. With the right understanding, you can protect your intellectual property from interference by people who want to use it without your permission.
Video: What is copyright?
In this video, lawyer Anton Vernikov tells you what works can be protected with a copyright sign:
Buying clothes, especially for women, is a popular and exciting business. Sometimes beautiful ladies, after dipping themselves, forget everything in the world: men, home, girlfriends and all the problems. Returned, we all want to put on a new thing right away and show it off on departure. Problems start with the care of clothes. It often happens that after washing a blouse or jacket, the thing sits down and turns into a miniature. Or the clothes begin to fade and paint everything that is next to it. Even worse – after ironing your favorite blouse, you are horrified to discover that touching it with a hot iron makes holes and makes the product disappear. Or here is an option – after drying the clothes on the balcony or in the drum, it turns into a colorless canvas as usual. What should be done to make things serve you long and faithfully? What mistakes should not be made when caring for them and how should they be washed, dried and ironed? Answers to these questions are provided by icons and symbols on labels, which we often do not notice.
When caring for your favorite products, labels and instructions on the rules of use and care of clothing are very important. The icons and symbols on the labels of things can tell about it in detail. Sometimes invisible and small, they play a very important role in the care. We decided to understand them in more detail.
The first and most important mode in the care of textiles was and is Washing. The symbol with the number 60 means that washing is allowed at a temperature not higher than 60 ° C. The upper line speaks of a gentle wash.
If you see a symbol with a drawn hand, it means that such clothes may only be washed by hand.
If the symbol is crossed out, washing of clothes is generally prohibited.
A separate group consists of signs that speak of the right Brightening of things. The triangle means that the products can be bleached with any bleaching agent and detergent.
Triangle with stripes – only oxygen bleach is allowed, which sounds like oxygen bleach in English.
A triangle with two large letters CL indicates that only chlorine bleaches are allowed.
White or black crossed-out triangles mean that it is strictly forbidden to bleach such clothes.
Signs regulating the regime Ironing will say about it. The iron with three dots on the body allows ironing with maximum heat.
The two dots on the iron indicate that only medium heat is allowed.
A dot means ironing at minimum heat.
And finally the crossed out iron – ironing is forbidden at all.
Dry cleaning mode– another way to take care of your clothes. The letter A in a circle means that dry cleaning is allowed. In this case, A means any solvent from the English word "any".
The letter P in a circle allows conventional dry cleaning with hydrocarbon, chloroethylene, monoflotrichloromethane. Solvent-based cleaners with minor restrictions are allowed. the letter P stands for perchloroethylene.
The letter P in the underlined circle indicates that gentle dry cleaning with hydrocarbons, chloroethylene, monoflotrichloromethane is allowed.
The letter F stands for dry cleaning with hydrocarbons and triflotrichloromethane. It is strictly forbidden to use cleaners containing solvents. The letter F translates as flammable, which is derived from "fuel" comes.
The letter F in an underlined circle is gentle dry cleaning with hydrocarbon and triflotrichloromethane. It is strictly forbidden to use cleaners containing solvents.
Circle with a line – no dry cleaning.
The English letter W in the circle allows normal wet cleaning without restrictions.
The letter W in a circle, underlined by a line, indicates gentle wet-dry cleaning with reduced mechanical stress.
The letter W in a circle, emphasized by a large and a small line – gentle wet-dry cleaning of particularly sensitive fabrics with significantly reduced mechanical loading.
A black crossed-out circle means that wet cleaning is strictly prohibited.
Regarding Drying mode, a circle in a square means that drum drying is activated.
A circle with two dots, framed in a square, allows for normal drying.
A dot in a circle with a square around it indicates that only gentle dry cleaning can be used.
Finally, the crossed out circle prevents drying the drum.