Learn to fish: all the requirements + 10 tips for beginners

If you want to learn fishing, there are many important aspects you need to know about. What do you need and where can you fish at all? We tell you what makes fishing an extraordinary hobby and how to get started with it.

Fishing not only requires a lot of practice, you also have to fulfill special conditions. You can’t just buy a fishing rod and cast your bait on the lake. If you want to learn how to fish, you have to inform yourself extensively beforehand.

Fishing for recreation

Fishing for recreation

There is something about catching your own food Self-realizing and is in harmony with the environment. You no longer have to wonder if the fish is really fresh and where it came from. When you learn to fish, you will also learn all about the fish and their habitat.

For this purpose fishing helps with Recovery from everyday stress. There is something meditative about waiting for the fish to bite in the morning in the fresh air on a calm lake. No people around you, only peace and nature. Many anglers also like to take on longer distances to fish in special places or even in other countries. How to get to know many places.

Who is allowed to fish?

To be able to fish, you need a Fishing license, also known as Fishing license. Without a fishing license you are not allowed to fish. To make this certificate, you must state-approved fishing exam pass. After that you will get a certificate and you can apply for the fishing license.

Things to know about the fishing exam

During the fishing exam you will be tested on your knowledge of general fishing. Thereby it is above all also about the Animal welfare. As an angler, you have to pass the relevant Country fishing laws know. You need to know where you can fish and what you can fish for. You will also learn the Anatomy of fish know how fish species differ and where they live. How it Aquatic biology how to operate a fishing rod correctly, which Equipment You will also be taught what you need and how to behave as an angler in a nature- and environment-friendly manner.

Which topics are asked and whether there is a practical part in the exam, depends on the state. The exams are different all over Germany.

To learn the material of the exam you have to Preparatory course make. Such courses are offered by various fishing clubs. Depending on the state, you can also learn with online courses to. You have to pay for such courses and the exam participation itself. The exam is always held in the county where you are registered.

If you successfully passed the fishing exam, you can pick up your fishing license at the city office. But that’s still not enough to start fishing.

You are not allowed to fish in Germany without a fishing license, otherwise you will face a fine. In case of emergency worst case you even have to go to jail.

Where you can fish

Where you can fish

Just because there are fish swimming in a lake doesn’t mean you can just cast your line there. Before you need a Fishing permit for exactly this water. You need such a permit, because waters are usually not open to the public. Where you can get such a permit, you can find out in a regional fishing store or from the local anglers.

In the closed season you are not allowed to fish in the water in question. During this time the fish stock should recover. Each fish must be fed a food that corresponds to its Minimum size show, before it may be caught. Too small fish are not allowed to be fished.

If you are caught fishing without the proper permit, your fishing license can be revoked. Fishing on private waters without a permit can even be considered as Theft or Fish poaching be penalized. If you should sell the fish then, in addition still Fence to be thrown.

Catch& Release

Fishing for fun is forbidden in Germany. Fishing is for Purpose of feeding. That is why the popular "Catch& Release" not allowed in Germany. At Catch& Release (catch and release), the fish is thrown back into the water after being measured.

The fish stock is not used sensibly. The fish is not only injured by the fishing hook, but it is also subjected to very high stress and torn from its natural habitat. Therefore this fishing method violates the animal protection law.

Buy fishing

When buying a fishing rod there are some things to consider. Depending on the type of fish, different fishing rods are suitable. The rods differ in their Bending curve and the casting weight. The casting weight is a parameter by which you can determine the maximum weight of the bait. You should not exceed the casting weight with bait and assembly too far, otherwise your rod can break.

But there is more to a fishing rod than just the rod. Integrated is also the fishing reel, to which the line is attached. The line is pulled out of the reel and passed through the rings on the rod. For beginners a stationary reel with brake is recommended. It gives you more control over the line with less practice. For this you still need a suitable Line and Hook.

There are many different types of Bait. There is a difference between live and artificial ones. Live bait is mainly maggots and worms. Several maggots are usually attached to a hook at the same time. Live fish as bait is prohibited. At artificial bait is used for beginners the "Blinker recommended. It imitates an injured fish with staggering movements and is therefore a good choice for fishing for predatory fish.

For the first fishing trip you should not buy the equipment on the Internet. Go to a Fishing store and get advice. There you will find all the details about the right fishing rod and an expert will be available to answer your questions.

The right accessories

You will not see an angler with just a fishing rod. There is a lot more to it

  1. One Pose, with which you can better spot the position of the bait and the bite of a fish.
  2. A landing net, to get the fish out of the water.
  3. A Battering rod, to stun the fish.
  4. A Tape measure, to measure the fish after the catch.
  5. A sharp knife, to kill the fish.
  6. food, to attract the fish.
  7. A Rod holder, where the fishing rod is fixed, so you don’t have to hold it in your hand all the time.

Fishing correctly

Before you start, you should prepare everything. Stick your rod holder in the ground close to the shore and put your landing net next to it. Prepare your bait and feed. Ready feed is mixed with water. When it is tight enough, throw some of the food into the water and let it work.

Then you prepare your fishing rod. Put the rod together and pull the line through the rings. Attach the float to the line and tie the hook’s leader line to the main line. When your fishing rod is ready, you can attach the bait to the hook and start fishing.

Casting techniques

Depending on where and what you’re fishing, you’ll need to cast your line in different ways. The Pendulum casting is the most common throwing technique, which is used especially when there is little space. The rod is held above the water rather than cast, while a small arm movement creates the distance.

The Overhead casting use it when you want to cast the bait far and you have a lot of space both in front of you and behind you. To do this, take the rod at the level of the reel between the middle and ring fingers. Release the brake, straighten the rod and lift it diagonally above your head. When you are ready, cast the rod forward with momentum and let hook and lure fly.

In some situations you need to Underhand cast, for example if you are fishing on a bank and you can’t get the bait into the water with a pendulum cast because a bush is growing on the spot. In the underhand cast, the bait is pulled in far and thrown sideways under the bush with momentum.

Pull the fish ashore

When a fish bites, you have to pull in the line slowly with the reel. Continue to pull in the line slowly until you can clearly feel the fish on the line. Then you set the hook. Keep the rod up and pull in the line quickly and explosively. Pull the fish so close to the shore that you can catch it with the landing net.

10 tips for fishing beginners

10 tips for beginners

Anyone can learn to fish, but it’s hard to get started. To facilitate your first steps in fishing, we have summarized a few tips for you.

Try out fishing

Before you dive into this extensive subject area, you should know what to expect. Getting a fishing license and learning to fish is time consuming and can cost a lot of money. Fortunately, there are clubs and institutions that provide Taster courses Offer in fishing. You should be convinced about fishing before you get your fishing license. Otherwise you will lose a lot of time and money.

Fish feed on the bottom

Fish can be lured to the surface, but they tend to stay on the bottom and on the shore. There they eat. Therefore, you should test how deep the water is. Then you can better align your bait on the bottom. To check the depth of the water, you have to put a piece of the line in the water Plumb line to attach to the fishing hook. When you cast your line into the water, you can tell from the plumb line when the bottom is reached. How deep the water is, you can then calculate on the float.

Take a towel with you

When fishing usually your hands get wet. This can be a nuisance, especially in the colder months, as it can cause you to catch a cold quickly. Tips for a strengthened immune system can be found here. However, it is often especially nice to fish in the fresh air at this time as well. Therefore, when fishing, always take a Towel with to keep your hands dry and to dry off your fishing equipment.

Pay attention to the leader line

The hook is not attached to the main line of the fishing rod. Each hook comes with its own Leader line, which is connected to the main line. The leader line should be weaker than the main line. Because when the line breaks, it’s only the leader line that breaks. This can happen if the fish is too heavy or the rod is held incorrectly. If the leader line is too strong, the main line can break off with it.

Do not feed alone

Do not learn alone

When fishing Practice important. The whole process should be automatic at some point, without your having to concentrate. To begin, you should have an experienced angler looking over your shoulder. This way you will be better informed about your mistakes and maybe even get some tips along the way.

Learn on a target fish or technique

To learn fishing effectively, you should not cross fish in the beginning. Orientate yourself to a certain fishing technique or technique Target fish. This way you will become more familiar with the technique and it will become routine faster. Try it at the beginning with Whitefish stock. When you have had your first successful experience, you can try your hand at bigger fish.

Make sure you have the right equipment

Depending on the fish species you need different equipment. For example, a rod needs a different casting weight for a walleye than for a trout. To fish a perch or pike, you ideally use different baits than for a roach.

Try different fishing lines

With a braided line the rod movements can be well transferred to the fish. However, they absorb a relatively large amount of moisture and may even burst if the temperature is too cold. Monofilament fishing lines do not require special knots and are not temperature sensitive. But for this you need a bit more guiding skills. Try out different fishing lines and see which one suits your style of fishing best.

Take a cooler with you when fishing

To keep the fish really fresh, you should have a Cool bag take away. You can also wrap the fish in wet towels and take them with you, but nothing keeps the fish as fresh as a cool box, especially in summer.

Practice patience

There are two reasons why patience is so important for fishing. On the one hand, it simply takes time for a fish to bite. Especially in the beginning, you should not lose hope too quickly. The other is that you don’t master fishing perfectly right away. You can get real practical experience only when you already have the fishing license and it’s time to get down to business.

Fishing is a science in itself. There are many regulations and laws to consider before you finally cast your line. But the effort is worth it. There is a reason why fishing is popular with so many people.

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