The different types of birth at a glance

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Not only for the place, but also for the way of delivery there are different possibilities. Because there are very different ways of giving birth. Here too adeba.We have made some inquiries for you and briefly present the different types of births.

Natural birth

a birth is something natural and usually does not require technical aids. Therefore the trend goes more and more to the natural birth process. This means that in the different stages of birth your body is supported, for example, by a birth stool or a warm bath.

Even in the opening phase you can continue to move freely and choose a position that is comfortable for you, i.e. following your intuition you can then give birth standing up, lying down, in the water or with another aid. It can be very helpful for you if you can decide for yourself how you want to give birth. Because the delivery is easier to manage in a relaxed and fear-free atmosphere.

Water birth

In birth centers and also hospitals there is increasingly the possibility to give birth in water. For you as a mother, this is a gentle and pain-relieving form of delivery, because the warm water has a relaxing and antispasmodic effect. Also, the pelvic floor becomes elastic due to the warm water and therefore perineal injuries do not occur so often. Nothing can happen to your child during water birth. The fear of drowning is unfounded, because the newborn has a natural diving reflex. If your pregnancy is proceeding normally, there is nothing to be said against a water birth. The baby’s heartbeat is checked regularly and you can choose the most comfortable position in the water, i.e. lying down, squatting or giving birth in a quadruped position.

Cesarean section

If your baby has to be delivered surgically, it is called a cesarean section (medical term: sectio). A small cross-section is made on the lower abdomen at the pubic hairline and your newborn is lifted out of the uterus through the abdomen. The number of caesarean sections in Germany has risen sharply and now a good third of babies are born by caesarean section.

Reasons for a cesarean section

Even before the birth, there may be reasons for a cesarean section, for example

  • it is a multiple birth
  • The unborn child is sick or in an unfavorable position for the birth
  • The mother’s pelvis is too narrow or the uterus has already been operated on once
  • a disease of the mother does not allow a vaginal birth
  • the placenta is partially or even completely in front of the cervix
  • the mother is infected with HIV or another infectious disease and it should be prevented that the infant gets infected during birth

Even if a vaginal birth is originally planned, there may be certain reasons for an unplanned cesarean section

  • the baby’s head does not fit through the mother’s pelvis
  • the placenta detaches
  • the birth process takes a long time and the mother is very exhausted
  • the child suffers from oxygen deficiency, z.B. because the umbilical cord has wrapped around your neck
  • the baby’s heart tones are getting worse
  • after a rupture of the bubble there is a risk of an ascending infection
  • the mother has a fever

Another reason for the increase in cesarean deliveries is that many women want an "elective" cesarean, that is, a cesarean without medical necessity. There is also an increase in high-risk pregnancies and, as a result, an increase in cesarean sections. A majority of cesarean sections are performed without general anesthesia and with a peridural anesthesia (PDA).

That means, you as a mother stay awake and can wait behind a cloth for your newborn baby. Cesarean section is a procedure with few risks, but it is a surgical procedure and with it come the general risks of surgery, such as thrombosis or embolism. In addition, after a cesarean section, there is an incision wound that causes pain and needs to heal. Also, after a cesarean section, the probability is greater that future births will also have to be delivered by cesarean section.

Forceps birth

When a vaginal birth is performed with the help of forceps, it is called a forceps birth. The forceps consists of two spoons that are inserted one after the other into the vagina, where they grasp the head of the unborn child and then carefully pull the baby out of the uterus. The forceps are used, for example, if the woman has a physical limitation or a disability. cannot push sufficiently due to exhaustion.

Forceps can also be used if the baby’s heart tones deteriorate during the delivery phase. An episiotomy and local anesthesia are required for the forceps to be used. Forceps are now used relatively rarely in modern obstetrics.

Suction cup birth

Suction cup delivery (also known medically as vacuum extraction) is the most commonly performed vaginal surgical delivery method. The doctor pulls the unborn baby’s head out of the birth canal with a vacuum bell to speed up the stalled birth process.

The suction cup is used when the mother cannot push adequately due to exhaustion or other reasons. Even with the suction cup, an episiotomy and local anesthesia are usually necessary. After birth, the newborn has a lump on the head and the head often looks elongated deformed. However, the deformation and lump usually recedes within the first week.

Well informed and following your feeling, you can now decide for the best way of birth for you.

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