Your rights at a glance

Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a booklet: white background with shadows

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Resolution 217 A (III) of 10.12.1948) consists of 30 articles, adopted by the United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a dynamic document designed to ensure the greatest possible protection for all people in the here and now.

Therefore, 70 years after the adoption of this global standard of action for government action, the language version of the 30 articles must also be adjusted. Amnesty therefore uses a discrimination-sensitive revised German translation of the Universal Declaration.

You can find the original 1948 German translation of the United Nations on the site of the UN Commission on Human Rights. There you will find the Universal Declaration also in numerous other translations, among others in sign language.


Since the recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the community of mankind is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

as the non-recognition and contempt of human rights have resulted in acts of barbarism which fill the conscience of mankind with indignation, and since it has been proclaimed that a world in which men enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want is man’s highest aspiration,

as it is necessary, To protect human rights through the rule of law, so that man is not forced to resort to rebellion against tyranny and oppression as a last resort,

as it is necessary, to encourage the development of friendly relations between nations,

because the peoples Whereas the United Nations in the Charter reaffirmed its belief in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of all human beings, and resolved to promote social progress and better conditions of life in larger freedom,

as the member states Committed, in cooperation with the United Nations, to work for universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Since there is a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of paramount importance to the full realization of this obligation,

proclaims the General Assembly

this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the common ideal to be attained by all peoples and nations, so that every individual and all organs of society may keep this Declaration constantly in mind and strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive national and international measures to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance by the peoples of the Member States themselves as well as by the peoples of the territories under their jurisdiction.

Article 1 (Liberty, Equality, Solidarity)

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and shall treat each other in a spirit of solidarity.

Article 2 (prohibition of discrimination)

Everyone is entitled to the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as racial or ethnic origin, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, legal or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether independent, trusteeship, non-self-governmental or otherwise limited in sovereignty.

Article 3 (right to life and liberty)

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4 (Prohibition of slavery and the slave trade)

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5 (prohibition of torture)

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6 (recognition as a legal person)

Every human being has the right to be recognized everywhere as having legal capacity.

Article 7 (Equality before the Law)

All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without distinction to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination contrary to this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8 (Right to legal protection)

Everyone shall have the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the Constitution or by law.

Article 9 (Protection against arrest and expulsion)

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or deportation.

Article 10 (Right to a fair trial)

Everyone, in the determination of his own rights and obligations and in the case of criminal charges against him, is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal.

Article 11 (presumption of innocence)

Everyone charged with a criminal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a public trial in which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense.

Article 12 (sphere of freedom of the individual)

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his or her privacy, family, home or correspondence, or to attacks upon his or her honor and reputation. Everyone shall have the right to legal protection against such interference or prejudice.

Article 13 (Freedom of Movement and Emigration)

Every person has the right to move freely within a state and to freely choose the place of residence.

Article 14 (right to asylum)

Everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries.

Article 15 (right to citizenship)

Every human being has the right to a nationality.

Article 16 (marriage, family)

Marriageable people have the right to marry and raise a family without restriction based on racial attribution, nationality, or religion. have equal rights at the time of marriage, during marriage and at the time of its dissolution.

A marriage may be concluded only with free and unrestricted agreement of the will of the future spouses.

Article 17 (right to property)

Every person has the right to own property both alone and in community with others.

Article 18 (freedom of thought, conscience, religion)

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19 (Freedom of expression and information)

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20 (freedom of assembly and association)

All people have the right to assemble peacefully and to form associations.

Article 21 (General and equal suffrage)

Everyone has the right to participate in the conduct of public affairs in his own country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

Article 22 (right to social security)

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and the right to enjoy, through national measures and international cooperation and with due regard for the organization and resources of each State, the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his own dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23 (right to work, equal pay)

Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

Every person, without distinction, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

Everyone who works has the right to a fair and satisfactory wage that provides them and their families with an existence worthy of human dignity, supplemented, if necessary, by other social protection measures.

Article 24 (Right to rest and leisure)

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, and in particular to a reasonable limitation of working hours and regular paid vacations.

Article 25 (right to welfare)

Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing, medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in case of unemployment, sickness, disability, or widowhood, in old age, and in case of other loss of his means of support through no fault of his own.

Article 26 (right to education)

Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free of charge, at least primary education and basic education. Primary education is compulsory. Technical and vocational education must be made universally available, and higher education must be open to all equally according to their abilities.

Education must be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It must contribute to understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all groups, regardless of origin and religion, and be conducive to the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.

Parents have a primary right to choose the type of education to be given to their children.

Article 27 (Freedom of Cultural Life)

Everyone has the right to participate freely in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific progress and its achievements.

All people have the right to protection of the intellectual and material interests which accrue to them as authors of scientific, literary or artistic works.

Article 28 (Social and international order)

Every human being is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29 (basic obligations)

Every human being has duties towards the community, in which alone the free and full development of one’s own personality is possible.

Every person, in the exercise of his own rights and freedoms, shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law solely for the purpose of securing recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

Article 30 (rule of interpretation)

Nothing in this Declaration shall be construed as conferring on any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the abolition of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration.

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