Claim unemployment benefits as an employee

Residents who have worked as employees in Luxembourg can claim unemployment benefits if they meet the eligibility requirements.


To meet the eligibility requirements for unemployment benefits, you must:

  • Becoming unemployed through no fault of your own. This does not apply if the employment contract is terminated by a severance agreement, unilateral termination by the employee, or dismissal without notice for serious misconduct (extraordinary dismissal);
  • Be at least 16 years old and no more than 64 years old;
  • Be able to work, available, and willing to accept any reasonable employment. The criteria for reasonable employment are laid down by Grand-Ducal Regulation; and apply for unemployment benefits;
  • Have worked for at least 26 weeks (at least 16 hours per week) under one or more employment contracts in the 12 months preceding your job search registration with the ADEM;
  • Have your residence in Luxembourg;
  • At the time of termination under a permanent contract
  • At least six months before the expiration of a temporary contract

Don’t serve as a director, managing partner, or someone responsible for day-to-day management in a company

not be the owner of a trading authorization


After you register with ADEM to look for work, ADEM’s unemployment benefits office will send you your unemployment claim forms within a week:

  • Apply for unemployment benefits
  • Income declaration
  • Employer’s certificate (to be filled out by your last employer)

If you have not received forms by this deadline, please contact the Unemployment Compensation Office by phone at 247-88888 (Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and from 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.).

Once the ADEM has received all the documents, the ADEM specialist in charge initiates the payment of unemployment benefits and manages your file.


Only forms given directly by ADEM’s unemployment compensation office (including the employer certification to be completed by your last employer) will be accepted to apply for unemployment benefits. The employer certificate is not to be confused with the form "Arbeitsbescheinigung – Beendigung des Arbeitsverhaltnisses", which has to be filled out by the former employer to apply for a U1 certificate (only concerns cross-border commuters who have lost their job in Luxembourg).

Duration of benefit receipt

The duration of the unemployment benefit depends on how long the unemployed person who meets the eligibility criteria has been employed during the 12-month reference period. The maximum duration of unemployment benefits is 12 months.


If you have worked for six months and 20 days in the 12 months preceding the date of your job search notification to ADEM, you will receive unemployment benefits for a period of seven months.

It may be possible to apply to ADEM’s unemployment benefits office for an extension of the benefit period:

  • Unemployed persons who are at least 50 years old and have worked for more than 30 years: + 12 months;
  • Unemployed people who are at least 50 years old and have worked for more than 25 years: + 9 months;
  • Unemployed people who are at least 50 years old and have worked more than 20 years: + 6 months;
  • difficult to place Unemployed persons (especially if older than 55): + 6 months;
  • -unemployed persons who have taken part in internships, courses or community work: + 6 months.

The amount of benefits

The amount of benefits is equal to 80% of your gross salary received on average in the last three months before you became unemployed. The maximum amount of unemployment benefits is limited to 2.5 times the social minimum wage. However, this cap is gradually reduced the longer unemployment benefits are received.

Under certain conditions, the assessment period may be extended from three months to five months and the benefit rate may be increased to 85% if, for example.B. if there are dependent children to support.

End of entitlement to benefits

Eligibility for unemployment benefits ends:

  • when the time limits set for the payment period have been reached;
  • When one or more conditions for approval are no longer met;
  • if you have reached the age limit of 65 years;
  • in case of unjustified refusal of a suitable job;
  • In case of unjustified refusal to participate in internships, courses or community service prescribed by ADEM;

Your rights and obligations

As a recipient of unemployment benefits, you commit:

  • Attend all appointments with your personal advisor at ADEM and report to ADEM at least once a month if no counseling appointment has been made
  • To inform their ADEM counselor immediately of any changes in their personal situation

In the event that recipients of unemployment benefits fail to meet their obligations, the ADEM may impose sanctions, which can range from a seven-day suspension to the complete withdrawal of unemployment benefits.

If you have any questions, please contact ADEM’s Contact Center at Tel. (+352) 247 88888

Did you know?

Because of a serious misconduct if you have been dismissed from your job No entitlement to unemployment benefits. Nevertheless, they may apply for unemployment benefits as part of an abusive termination proceeding.

Unemployment benefits are not subject to adjustments and are paid in full, even if the unemployment benefit recipient’s household has other sources of income.

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