Federal election 2021: when and how the next chancellor will be elected?

In the course of the Bundestag elections in 2021, the succession of Angela Merkel will also be settled. But when and how will the next chancellor be elected??

Munich – Since November 2005, Angela Merkel has been serving the Republic as Chancellor of Germany. Four terms and nearly 16 years later, Germany’s most influential politician is about to retire (these were the most defining moments of her chancellorship). At the Bundestag elections in 2021, not only will the parliament of the government be reconstituted, but it will also be determined who will hold the office of Chancellor in the future.

In Germany, the chancellor is not elected by the population. In fact, the newly elected representatives of the people – that is, the members of the Bundestag – vote on who will be at the head of the government as Chancellor or Chancelloress in the future. Which candidates they are, the people’s parties have recently decided for themselves.

Bundestag election 2021: Chancellor’s election and top contenders

Accordingly, parties are elected in federal elections not only on the basis of their election program as well as political stance. For the electorate, it is also important who will act as chancellor in the future. Thus, months before the election, the parties determine their respective candidate for chancellor, who will also be elected before the event on 26. September 2021 tours the countryside and TV talk shows to drum up publicity. The following politicians are entering the race for the established parties, and according to the forecasts, they will be fighting a three-way battle:

  • CDU/CSU (Union):Armin Laschet
    SPD: Olaf Scholz
    Greens:Annalena Baerbock

In addition, major parties in the German political landscape have named their top candidates, but they have little chance of becoming chancellors. Nonetheless, there is at least a theoretical chance that after the 2021 federal election, they will be able to enjoy the benefits of forming a government – as part of a coalition:

  • FDP: Christian Lindner
    AfD: Tino Chrupalla and Alice Weidel
    The Left: Janine Wissler and Dietmar Bartsch

Election to the Bundestag: When and how the next chancellor will be elected?

The length of time it takes to form a government after the 2021 federal election will depend on the election results. If no party achieves an absolute majority, at least two parties hold exploratory talks about forming a coalition. As a rule, those alliances that pursue similar goals and programs negotiate over it. Only after their conclusion, the deputies (this is how much they currently earn) elect the Federal Chancellor on the proposal of the Federal President, who is responsible for this according to the statutes.

If no candidate achieves an absolute majority in parliament, there is a 14-day period in which any number of ballots can be cast. After these two weeks, a simple majority is sufficient for the office of the Federal Chancellor. If this procedure is mastered, the staffing of the ministries takes place. By the way, from the moment the new office holder is appointed by the Federal President, the term of office begins – including the certificate of appointment.

Merkel succession: What is the task of the next chancellor?

Chancellor Angela Merkel is the most powerful officeholder in Germany. Duties include proposing ministerial posts and thus forming the federal cabinet. About this, finally, the person of Merkel succession will also preside, synonymous with the leadership of the federal government. Although the areas of responsibility are subdivided into different ministries, with respective department heads. However, Germany’s chancellor owns the responsibility.

Often confused is the position of the head of state. In Germany, this is not the Federal Chancellor, but the Federal President (currently Frank-Walter Steinmeier). Who, by the way, plans to run for a second term in office.

Chancellor: legislative period lasts four years – But there is an exception

The Federal Chancellor and/or. the Chancellor serves as the head of the German government and is scheduled to be in office for the same length of time – four years – as the members of parliament elected in the 2021 Bundestag election. After all, the term of office usually ends when the Bundestag convenes for the first time in the following legislative period. However, there is a way to shorten the term of office:

Parliamentarians are empowered to express a vote of no confidence in the person in question during the legislative term and then vote him or her out of office. In this "constructive vote of no confidence", a successor is to be appointed directly. Has this ever happened before in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany?? In the fall of 1982, Helmut Kohl was elected to succeed Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany.

All information on the 2021 federal election in Munich: The layout of the electoral districts, the parties, candidates and results, can be found here*. If you are still undecided, you can try the Wahl-O-Mat for the Bundestag elections. (PF)

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