There are three mistakes you can make when fishing for troutThe wrong place, the wrong type of bait and the wrong bait presentation.
The most important is the choice of the place. If you fish where there are no fish, you will not catch anything, no matter with which bait and how it is guided.
With the wrong type of bait you can catch fish in the right place, but it takes more luck or you will have more follow-ups and false bites.
Finally, the bait also has an influence. If the bait is guided correctly, the chances of catching fish are significantly improved. How the bait looks in detail is usually only of secondary importance.
Of course, it is also possible to do everything right in theory, but not catch any fish in practice. No catching success is part of fishing, but if you know the fish locations, choose the right type of bait and guide the bait correctly, you have a good chance of catching something.
Sometimes it is difficult to recognize the mistake and you have the feeling that you are doing everything right, but still catch nothing.
The most important thing in trout fishing is the location. Only where there are trout, you can catch trout. You can have the perfect lure and guide it just right, but if you pass the lure 10m from the fish, it’s useless.
Therefore it is important to know the fish locations, i.e. to be able to read the water. Especially when fishing in running waters, it is important to fish in the right places.
Also in lakes there are better and worse locations. A challenge in fishing is that you are moving in three-dimensional space. Besides the right location (e.g.B. The right depth is also important (e.g. the edge of the current).
Current edges like this are good trout locations
No matter if river or mountain stream, in some places trout prefer to stand than in others. Good locations are places where food gathers, the fish are protected and where they can keep well in the current.
The best places are of course those where everything comes together. Places where trout have shelter, but little food passes very deep pools, are less attractive for fishing. There the trout retreat to rest and do not feed.
trout behave differently depending on the location. Trout are usually less mobile in strong currents than in less strong currents, which means that lures must be guided more precisely in strong current areas.
For more on trout locations in streams, see this article on Alpine Trout. In this article on Alpenforelle you will also find 11 examples of trout locations in running waters.
In this stream, the current is interrupted at various points by large stones. each of them is a potential trout site.
Even in lakes there are better and worse sites. In some places the fish are more likely to be found than in others. In lakes, however, the fish are more mobile and swim around the lake in search of food.
As in flowing waters, there are also places in standing waters where food accumulates and attracts trout. Again, the three-dimensional space must be taken into account.
The most food-rich zones in lakes are mainly the bottom and the surface. At the bottom trout find a lot of food like water insects. Food is also regularly brought to the surface.
Inlets and outlets are also interesting locations for trout. Here, too, food is brought in or concentrated by the current. Additional currents are created in lakes by the wind.
These also have an impact on where the food gathers. Edges are interesting because the fish can quickly retreat to safety here.
More about how to find trout in lakes can be found in this article on Alpenforelle.
It is almost impossible that there are no trout in the water. Basically trout can be found in all trout waters. Of course, it can happen that water pollution or environmental influences such as floods or debris flows cause a fish kill.
Trout can also be found in quite adverse locations such as very small meadow streams or whitewater-like places. Just because you don’t catch or see fish in a body of water doesn’t mean there are no trout there.
I have also had the experience of not seeing a single fish one day, but catching a few on the next visit to the water.
To check if there are trout in the water, it can be worthwhile in good conditions (water level not too high and not too deep, as clear as possible) to go out in the evening and search the water for rising trout.
Only small trout
If you only catch small trout, you are usually fishing in the wrong place. Naturally there are always more small fish than big fish in a water body, so it is more likely to catch small trout.
If you catch only small fish, you are fishing in shallow water. Small trout like to stay in shallow zones. There they are better protected from larger trout and can quickly retreat into small crevices between stones if necessary.
Small trout are usually a good sign that there are bigger fish around. In this case it is worthwhile to fish the deep areas in the vicinity.
In such shallow shore zones you will usually find smaller fish. Larger fish are usually deeper.
Type of bait
Besides the location it also depends on the right type of bait. The right type of lure does not mean whether a spinner or spoon should be used or what color the nymph should be.
The color can play a role, but is not as decisive as whether you use a spinner or a maggot. Basically you can always catch a fish with any lure. Sometimes the bites are more accidental or you have a lot of followers.
Passive lures are interesting all year round. Thereby are among others maggots, worms, flies, nymphs but also passively guided streamers. Such baits are usually also used by trout in cold water (up to approx. 11°C) taken. For more on fishing in cold water, check out this post on alpine trout.
Nymphs are mostly passively guided and work most of the time.
Active lures are more suitable for warmer water. With active trout lures there are different gradations. Rubber fish for example can also be guided very slowly.
More about trout fishing with rubber fish can be found in this article on Alpenforelle. Spinners on the other hand are always very active and work well especially in warmer water when the fish are more active.
Spinners work better when the water is warmer.
Trout are not in a biting mood
Sometimes while fishing you meet other fishermen who have caught nothing. Often you hear that the trout are not in a biting mood. This is however only very conditionally correct.
Trout spend up to 86% of the daylight peridoe feeding. Eat trout they are basically also in Beisslane. There are of course easier and more difficult conditions.
It becomes more difficult, for example, when the water is turbid. Sometimes the trout stick to the bottom and you need deep running lures to offer the bait correctly.
But even blind trout can live well and not only survive. trout find food even in adverse conditions and turbid water.
Runners are basically a sign that you are using the wrong kind of bait. The laggards occur mainly when the trout are not yet very active, i.e. when the water is still a bit too cold.
If you get regular runners on a spinner, you should consider changing to a more passive lure. For spin fishing, for example, the plug fly assembly is suitable. You can read more about this in this article on Alpenforelle. Or you change directly to lures like worm or to the fly rod.
Important is also the lure. On the one hand it is important to fish in the right depth, on the other hand it is important to guide the lure in a way that it passes exactly the trout locations.
This means that you have to cast accurately and check the bait afterwards. In lakes or slow flowing waters you usually have a little more leeway.
On the other hand, it is important to guide the lure in a way that it passes the trout locations at the right depth. Especially in running waters 50cm can make a difference if the fish bites or not.
The water temperature has an influence on how mobile the fish are, if the water is warmer, trout are usually more willing to move and chase a lure or a fish. to get further out of the current to catch a nymph or maggot. Therefore, you may be a little less accurate in warmer temperatures than in cold water.
Also with dirty or. Trout fishing is not hopeless in turbid water. Trout also eat in turbid water. The fish are usually a little deeper, because in the lower water layers the water is a little clearer than in the main current.
In this case it is important that the bait is placed exactly in front of the fish. In turbid water fish can see less far and therefore can not see distant lures. Therefore in turbid water
Interesting in turbid water are also confluences where clear water enters the water. Trout usually gather here
Also the water level is decisive how the bait is guided. Depending on how high the water is, the lure guide has to be adjusted.
Trout stay in the same places even when the water is a bit higher. In this case, however, it is necessary to fish a little deeper. If the water rises higher and the current in the middle of the river increases strongly, the trout tend to retreat to the edges where the current is less strong. Then the water must be reassessed.
The lure weight has a strong influence on the lure action. A light spinner with a large spinner blade is more likely to run near the water surface. A heavy spinner with a small spinner blade tends to run deep.
It is similar with nymphs. A light nymph doesn’t really get to deep even in slow flowing water. A tungsten nymph, on the other hand, sinks most like a stone and gets deep even in fast water. To place a lure deeper, clip leads are helpful.
Rubber fish with different weights for different conditions.
Baits come in all kinds of colors and shapes. But if you fish in the right place, use the right bait and guide the lure correctly, the color or exact shape is less important.
Trout are not the smartest animals and often just bite on suspicion, if something seems interesting or edible. Sometimes the trout spit out the bait quickly when they realize that it is not edible.
Whether gray with some color or gray with orange does not really matter most of the time. With the baits such details play only a small role.
Bait color can make a difference when fish have low visibility. This can be when the water is murky or the lakes are deep and there is little light reaching the fish locations.
Black is then usually a good bait color, because black forms a strong contrast in all cases. Otherwise the color is secondary. Instead of buying a large selection of lures, it is better to gain more experience on the water.
There is an exception when hatching (Hatch) takes place. In such situations, trout zero in on a particular insect and ignore anything that doesn’t look like it. In such situations you usually catch nothing if you don’t have a fly that imitates the hatching insects. Outside of such times of pushing the bait details are of little relevance.