Source: © Fotolia.com | Reinhard Marscha
Comprehensive protection against harmful radiation in medicine, protection against radon in dwellings and better precautions for emergencies – these are central areas of the new Radiation Protection Act, which was passed on 12. May 2017 has been adopted. The Radiation Protection Act (StrlSchG) of the Federal Republic of Germany transposes Directive 2013/59/Euratom into national law. As of 1. January 2019, the new Radiation Protection Act will enter into force in full, and with it the new Radiation Protection Ordinance is also expected to come into force.
With this law, the federal German radiation protection law, which was previously based on the Atomic Energy Act and the Precautionary Radiation Protection Act, receives an independent and uniform basis. As a result, regulations that were previously contained in the Radiation Protection Ordinance and the X-ray Ordinance will be merged.
The control of the whereabouts of nuclear material, monthly reports on recorded imports and exports to the competent supervisory authorities of the federal states and the compilation of corresponding statistics are further focal points in this area of responsibility.
Although the listed procedures are handled independently of the export control carried out in the portfolio of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection, they have similarities with the latter due to the simultaneous registration of various goods in the nuclear law and in the lists of the export control regimes.
Depending on the type of shipment, different ways of application are necessary:
Transboundary movements of other radioactive materials, nuclear fuels and highly radioactive sources
"establishing basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionizing radiation and repealing Directives 89/618/Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom, 97/43/Euratom and 2003/122/Euratom."
Radiation Protection Act (StrlSchG)
"Law for Protection against the Harmful Effects of Ionizing Radiation"
The Radiation Protection Act of the Federal Republic of Germany transposes Directive 2013/59/Euratom into national law. It lays down regulations for the protection of man and, as far as the long-term protection of human health is concerned, of the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. With this law, the federal German radiation protection law, which was previously based on the Atomic Energy Act and the Precautionary Radiation Protection Act, receives an independent and uniform basis. As a result, regulations that were previously contained in the Radiation Protection Ordinance and the X-Ray Ordinance will be combined. Numerous requirements are updated and adapted to the state of scientific progress.
§ Section 42 Transboundary movements of consumer products requiring a licence
The shipment of consumer goods is subject to approval. For the issuance of the license we would like to ask you to fill out the electronic form "Declaration according to §42 StrlSchG" completely. You can print out and save your completed form as a PDF file. Please send the declaration to the address mentioned in the form.
Licenses issued before 01.01.issued in 2019 will remain valid until they expire.
Atomic Energy Act (AtG )
"Law on the peaceful use of nuclear energy and protection against its dangers"
The German Act on the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy and Protection against its Hazards (Atomic Energy Act) is the legal basis for the use of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation in Germany.
The purpose of the Act (§ 1 AtG ) is:
- To terminate the use of nuclear energy for the commercial generation of electricity in an orderly manner and to ensure orderly operation until the date of termination,
- Protect life, health and property from the hazards of nuclear energy and the harmful effects of ionizing radiation, and compensate for damage caused by nuclear energy or ionizing radiation,
- to prevent the internal or external security of the Federal Republic of Germany from being endangered by the use or release of nuclear energy,
- to ensure the fulfillment of international obligations of the Federal Republic of Germany in the field of nuclear energy and radiation protection.
Radiation Protection Ordinance (StrlSchV)
"Ordinance on Protection against Damage Caused by Ionizing Radiation"
To the 31.12.In 2018, a new Radiation Protection Ordinance will come into force, replacing the previous Radiation Protection Ordinance (StrlSchV) and X-Ray Ordinance (RoV).
Paragraphs § 12 and § 13 of the StrlSchV regulate the transboundary shipments that require authorization and notification. Licenses according to § 12 StrlSchV are issued by BAFA; notifications are – as before – transmitted to BAFA after clearance via the customs offices.
Nuclear materials, such as thorium, natural uranium and depleted uranium, must also be declared with an indication of the quantity in accordance with § 13 SchlSchV.
Since 1. June 2015, for transboundary shipments of other radioactive materials, nuclear materials and high-level radioactive sources, an electronic system for notification recording or. application for transboundary shipments of radioactive materials. We have adapted this system to the new laws and regulations. You can – as usual – use the electronic system.
If you do not have access data yet, you can get them via our contact form.
Applications for licenses as well as notifications submitted before 01.01.2019 have been submitted, are processed or. can be used.
Ordinance on Shipments of Radioactive Waste or Spent Fuel (AtAV)
Annex Uniform Consignment Note for the Supervision and Control of Shipments of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel (Council Directive 2006/117/Euratom)
Federal Office of Economics and Export Control
Frankfurter Street 29-35
Regulation (Euratom) No. 1493/93 on the movement of radioactive materials between Member States
Shipments within the European Community of States are subject to the provisions of Regulation 1493/93/Euratom. This stipulates that the transporter of radioactive materials must satisfy himself in advance that the recipient has the appropriate authorization. The form "Standard declaration" is used for this purpose In accordance with 1493/93/Euratom, in which the granting authority responsible for the beneficiary must enter a confirmation to this effect.
This Regulation applies to shipments of sealed sources and other radioactive substances from one Member State to another when the quantity and concentration exceed the levels set out in Article 4(a) and (b) of Directive 80/836/Euratom (superseded by Directive 2013/59/EURATOM).
Shipments of radioactive waste, as referred to in the above-mentioned Regulation, from one Member State to another within the meaning of Directive 92/3/Euratom, are regulated under Directive 2006/117/Euratom (see AtAV ).