A report must be written not only at the elementary school, but is also important later at the secondary schools. Therefore, one should learn at an early age how such a report should look like. Therefore, in this article we want to explain how to write a good report (such as an accident report in the 4th grade). We offer free report-writing exercises for elementary school and 6th grade. and 7. The first grade at a high school.
Free worksheets on writing reports
How to write a good report?
Only one thing counts here: practice makes perfect! Our assignments support teachers in teaching their students how to write reports in an exciting way. In addition, our exercises are ideal for working independently on good reports at home.
Writing a report is one of the most important basics of essay writing. These reports are written in German classes from elementary school to high school. Later essay forms also build on it, which is why you should master the report well. A report must always clarify the most important W questions surrounding an event, while giving an uninvolved reader an overall view of the situation. This report must always be neutral and factual and may not contain your own opinion or conjecture. Reports are always described in the past tense.
With the help of our free report writing exercises, anyone can quickly and easily learn how to write an accident report in elementary school, for example. Of course there are also solutions for the exercises.
Which questions are answered in the report?
A good report tells about an event as if you were there. Therefore, the reader must be given some information. The typical W-questions are the most helpful and can also be filled out by elementary school students.
- Who was everything involved in the event at hand? (Witnesses, perpetrators, victims, bystanders…)
- When did the event take place?
- Where the event took place?
- What happened exactly?
- How the event took place?
- Why did this event happen?
- Which Consequences of this event?
ExampleThe report should describe a traffic accident involving a cyclist (accident victim), a car driver (accident perpetrator) and two pedestrians (witnesses).
- Who was involved? A cyclist, a car driver and two pedestrians.
- When? Late afternoon.
- Where? In a play street
- What? A car driver hit a crossing bicyclist while driving slowly.
- How? The car driver did not see the cyclist and braked too late.
- Why? The cyclist was not visible to the motorist.
- Which Consequences? The cyclist sustained minor injuries.
How to structure a report correctly?
A report, like any form of essay, needs a sensible outline to make it enjoyable to read. Therefore, the following three parts are also very important here.
- Main part
In the introduction, a basic sentence describes the first overall view of the event. For this purpose, the first four W-questions (Who? When? Where? What?) should be interwoven.
In the main part, the focus should then be on what happened. It is important to keep the correct order of events. Using the question How? is the best way to explain what happened.
In the conclusion, it is important to clarify why the event happened and what consequences resulted from it. So here you go to the questions Why? and What were the consequences of the event? a.
Which linguistic style and which tense is used?
In order to write a good report, it is important to stick to a given language style and the correct tenses.
The style of speech should be factual and objective. Therefore, in any case, it is important to avoid having your own opinion about the event, and also to avoid making assumptions. The text should also not be written in a colloquial way.
You should also pay attention to the tense. A report is always written in the past tense, the so-called past tense. The present and the future must not be in it, because it is a description of an event in the past. If a prehistory to the event is illuminated, it must be described in the pluperfect tense.
Present or future tense can be used only when talking about the present state (e.g. of an accident investigation) or the consequences of the accident are reported.
Good example of language style and tense:
Last Wednesday afternoon, an accident occurred in the pedestrian zone between a bicyclist and a motorist. Due to bad visibility the car driver had seen the cyclist too late and touched him lightly. As a result, the cyclist fell and sustained minor injuries.
Bad example of language style and tense:
There was an accident on Wednesday. In the pedestrian zone, a car was probably traveling much too fast and hit a cyclist. The driver is definitely to blame and should be put in jail in my opinion. Probably the cyclist has sustained serious injuries and will be limited forever.