After a leg or foot amputation, the life of the affected person changes drastically. This is how those affected face great physical and psychological challenges. However, so that the mobility of the affected persons remains, different prostheses are available to them.
In order for the affected person to be integrated into everyday life as quickly as possible, rehabilitation is carried out with a focus on psychological and physiotherapeutic treatments. Certain movement therapies are used to train the body and to build up muscles. Complementary stocking therapy is performed with the help of elastic bandages, compression stockings and other compression aids, thus relieving pain and swelling.
Author: Prof. Dr. Martin Przewloka
Last edited on 10.08.2021 by: Jan Gotz (Editor)
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- Target groups and variants
- Purchase and costs
- Special features and accessories
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Prostheses and clinical pictures
Foot, lower leg and thigh prostheses are used for severe damage to bones and joints as well as progressive arthritic diseases of the joints. In this case, the joints and bones are damaged to such an extent that they need to be replaced with an artificial joint in order to maintain the mobility of the affected person. In particular, the knees and the upper and lower legs are frequently affected by the progressive arthritic disease, as these are subjected to severe stress and thus high wear and tear in the course of life.
But also overweight and malpositions can lead to the need for prostheses on the foot or other body parts. Due to the wide range of causes, prostheses are used for every age group and for many different clinical pictures. Accordingly, prostheses for the foot, lower leg and thigh are available in many different variants and designs.
Individual adjustment of the foot prosthesis and leg prosthesis
Almost every prosthesis must – z.B. In a medical supply store – to be fitted individually. For this reason, prostheses are rarely sold on the open market, as they are seldom usable without professional advice and fitting. As a rule, patients receive a prescription with which they can obtain a suitable prosthesis in a medical supply store – this is also where the consultation and fitting take place. For this reason, prostheses are usually covered in full by health insurance.
If a more expensive, special prosthesis is used at the request of the patient, a private co-payment may be required. It should be added that the acclimatization phase varies in many cases. For example, movement therapy may be required over a longer period of time or used prostheses may need to be readjusted. These aspects have an impact on the costs, even though they are usually covered by the health insurance company. In order to be sure about co-payments and reimbursement of costs, it is advisable to clarify these issues with your own health insurance company and the responsible medical supply store beforehand.
Therapies after fitting the foot or leg prosthesis
In order to be able to successfully integrate the affected persons into everyday life after the amputation, certain movement therapies for muscle building and body training are applied in addition to the psychological therapy. The fitting phase during and after the therapies can be painful, as swelling can occur in the operated areas. For this reason, these therapies are accompanied by stocking therapy, which accelerates blood circulation – with the help of various compression aids – and thus helps to alleviate pain and swelling. Thus these compression aids facilitate the life of the concerning ones substantially. Accessories also include compression aids and bandages .
Frequently asked questions about foot and leg prostheses
How do prostheses and orthoses differ?
While prostheses replace damaged body parts, tissues and joints and contribute to the mobility of the affected person, orthoses and splints fulfill tasks such as relief, stabilization, fixation, immobilization or correction. Orthoses, similar to bandages, are applied to the damaged joint or muscle and are only temporary companions.
When do foot, lower leg and thigh prostheses come into play?
These prostheses are used for severe damage to bones and joints due to accidents, as well as for progressive arthritic diseases of the joints. Here the joints and bones are so damaged that the replacement with an artificial joint is necessary.
How much does a prosthesis cost?
In most cases the cost of a prosthesis is covered by health insurance. For this purpose, you should go to a medical supply store – with the prescription prescribed by your doctor – and get detailed advice. Afterwards the prosthesis can be fitted there. The agreement on the assumption of costs is usually made between the medical supply store and the health insurance company. For this reason, these two parties are the most important contacts.
What is the aftercare following an amputation??
In order for the patient to be able to return to everyday life as quickly as possible, rehabilitation is carried out with a focus on psychological and physiotherapeutic treatments. Certain movement therapies are used to train the body and build up muscles. Complementary stocking therapy using elastic bandages, compression stockings and other compression aids.
What are the causes of amputation?
Progressive arthritic disease, accidents, injuries, obesity and deformities.
Can an amputation be prevented?
A healthy lifestyle can help prevent amputation due to obesity and arthritic conditions.
Prof. Dr. Martin Przewloka
Prof. Dr. Martin Przewloka has gained extensive experience with the topic of care in his own family environment and shares his knowledge with other caring relatives through various channels. Because of his university degree in medical physics (University of Kaiserslautern) he also understands the health backgrounds of the different diseases and can put himself in the position of those in need of care.
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