Writing a non-fiction text analysis – here are 6 steps to follow

With the Factual text it is a text form that you will encounter quite often in everyday life. Here you will learn how to write the text with a uniform pattern fast and simple analyze CAN.

This is how you are guaranteed to succeed in analyzing a non-fiction text!


Before you start with the actual text analysis, you will find the basic definitions here:

Factual text: A non-fiction text is a text that presents information and facts about a certain topic. The intent of the nonfiction text is to inform the reader about something. Examples include Newspaper articles, reports, instructions or reportages.

Factual text analysis: Here – as you might have guessed – we are talking about the analysis of non-fiction texts. More precisely: to analyze the linguistic means and argumentation strategies used in the text in question.

By the way, finished nonfiction text analyses and even characterizations or synopses are themselves nonfiction texts.

Analysis of the factual text Structure in 6 steps

So, nonfiction texts contain only information and facts about a topic. Therefore, the analysis can usually be carried out according to a consistent scheme.

Always use the following structure as a guide when writing your nonfiction analysis:

  1. Introductory sentence (names author:in, title, text type and topic)
  2. Short Introduction into the topic
  3. Summary of content
  4. Like argues the author:in? Which Stylistic device are used?
  5. intention – What does the non-fiction text want to tell the reader??
  6. Evaluation: Is the author neutral?? / What position does he/she take? / Is the text convincing?

Use the 6 steps as a guideline for writing and again as a final checklist when you are finished. Here you have them again to download, so you can use them when writing your text!

Guide to non-fiction text analysis + example

Here’s how you go about it in detail:

First of all: Read the text you want to analyze carefully several times. Mark yourself:

  • Author:in, year of publication and type of text
  • ambiguities or words/text passages you don’t understand
  • Linguistic peculiarities

→ Before you start the analysis, clarify anything that is still incomprehensible to you.


Start with a Introductory sentence. This should be the Author:in, the Year of publication, the text type and briefly the Topic of the text name. Now you can follow this up with a brief description of the Core of the text statement Summarize.

Main body

In the main part you will now deal with the content, structure, language and intention


First divide the factual text into meaningful sections a. Now give the Content in your own words again. What problem or problems does the original text deal with?? What is the most important message?


Here you go into more detail Reasoning a. Describe whether the author’s approach is rational or emotional, strategic or tactical, for example.


Now look more closely at the linguistic anomalies.

Investigate rhetorical devices are used, which sentence structure is used (parataxis / hypotaxis) and whether the author has a Technical language uses. In addition, you pay attention to whether the text is subjective or objective was written, whether Metaphors and whether arguments can be made with linguistic means are amplified.
Note: The author has deliberately chosen a stylistic device or type of argument – therefore works out the connection.


What does the text want to achieve? What are the goals? Who is the text intended to address? You answer these questions to show the intention of the text.


Finally follows a short Summary of what you found out. Further on, it is your turn to write your own opinion contribute. Evaluate the Position, that the author has taken in his text as well as the Arguments, that he used for this. Does the author(s):want to The intention of the text is convincing brought to you by? Lastly follows the Conclusion – without interpretation.

Finally, you should always reread your text to make sure that the. Check also again, if you have followed the 6 steps.

Factual Text Analysis Example

Now, as an example, read through this non-fiction text and the corresponding non-fiction text analysis. Would your own analysis have looked similar?

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